Clay Mathematics Institute

Dedicated to increasing and disseminating mathematical knowledge

Klein Protokolle

"Two plain shelves in Göttingen, in the entrance room of the Mathematisches Institut library, hold an astounding collection of mathematical manuscripts and rare books … 

The collection runs from early handwritten lectures by Dirichlet, Riemann, and Clebsch, through almost 100 volumes by Hilbert, to volumes of Minkowski, Hasse, and Siegel on number theory, Noether on algebra, and Max Born on quantum mechanics. But the largest and most impressive of its centerpieces is the Seminar-Protokolle of Felix Klein: a detailed handwritten registry, spanning over 8,000 pages in 29 volumes, of forty years of seminar lectures by him, his colleagues and students, and distinguished visitors. These Protocols, previously unpublished, are now available digitally, as part of a project sponsored by the Clay Mathematics Institute. They constitute one of the richest records of mathematical activity in modern times."

From The Felix Klein Protocols by Eugene Chislenko and Yuri Tschinkel, Notices of the AMS, September 2007, pp 961–970

This image is from Volume I, part 2, page 113, seminar of Sunday, February 14, 1880.

Digitization of the Klein Protokolle was funded by Clay Mathematics Institute and carried out by Libraries without Walls under the direction of Chet Grycz with photography by Ardon bar Hama. Thanks to Yuri Tschinkel at the Mathematische Institut in Göttingen for making this project possible.

Links to the Digitial Images at Göttingen

1872-1880     1880-1881     1881-1882     1882-1883     1883-1884     1884-1885
1885-1886     1886-1887     1887-1889     1889-1892     1892-1894     1894-1896
1896-1898     1898-1899     1899-1900     1900-1901     1901-1901     1901-1902
1902-1903     1903-1904     1904-1905     1905-1905     1905-1906     1906-1906
1906-1907     1907-1907     1907-1909     1911-1911     1909-1912