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## Translations

Ἐὰν ᾖ δύο πρίσματα ἰσουψῆ, καὶ τὸ μὲν ἔχῃ βάσιν παραλληλόγραμμον, τὸ δὲ τρίγωνον, διπλάσιον δὲ ᾖ τὸ παραλληλόγραμμον τοῦ τριγώνου, ἴσα ἔσται τὰ πρίσματα. Ἔστω δύο πρίσματα ἰσουψῆ τὰ ΑΒΓΔΕΖ, ΗΘΚΛ ΜΝ, καὶ τὸ μὲν ἐχέτω βάσιν τὸ ΑΖ παραλληλόγραμμον, τὸ δὲ τὸ ΗΘΚ τρίγωνον, διπλάσιον δὲ ἔστω τὸ ΑΖ παραλληλόγραμμον τοῦ ΗΘΚ τριγώνου: λέγω, ὅτι ἴσον ἐστὶ τὸ ΑΒΓΔΕΖ πρίσμα τῷ ΗΘΚΛΜΝ πρίσματι. Συμπεπληρώσθω γὰρ τὰ ΑΞ, ΗΟ στερεά. ἐπεὶ διπλάσιόν ἐστι τὸ ΑΖ παραλληλόγραμμον τοῦ ΗΘΚ τριγώνου, ἔστι δὲ καὶ τὸ ΘΚ παραλληλόγραμμον διπλάσιον τοῦ ΗΘΚ τριγώνου, ἴσον ἄρα ἐστὶ τὸ ΑΖ παραλληλόγραμμον τῷ ΘΚ παραλληλογράμμῳ. τὰ δὲ ἐπὶ ἴσων βάσεων ὄντα στερεὰ παραλληλεπίπεδα καὶ ὑπὸ τὸ αὐτὸ ὕψος ἴσα ἀλλήλοις ἐστίν: ἴσον ἄρα ἐστὶ τὸ ΑΞ στερεὸν τῷ ΗΟ στερεῷ. καί ἐστι τοῦ μὲν ΑΞ στερεοῦ ἥμισυ τὸ ΑΒΓΔΕΖ πρίσμα, τοῦ δὲ ΗΟ στερεοῦ ἥμισυ τὸ ΗΘΚΛΜΝ πρίσμα: ἴσον ἄρα ἐστὶ τὸ ΑΒΓΔΕΖ πρίσμα τῷ ΗΘΚΛΜΝ πρίσματι. Ἐὰν ἄρα ᾖ δύο πρίσματα ἰσουψῆ, καὶ τὸ μὲν ἔχῃ βάσιν παραλληλόγραμμον, τὸ δὲ τρίγωνον, διπλάσιον δὲ ᾖ τὸ παραλληλόγραμμον τοῦ τριγώνου, ἴσα ἐστὶ τὰ πρίσματα: ὅπερ ἔδει δεῖξαι.

If there be two prisms of equal height, and one have a parallelogram as base and the other a triangle, and if the parallelogram be double of the triangle, the prisms will be equal. Let ABCDEF, GHKLMN be two prisms of equal height, let one have the parallelogram AF as base, and the other the triangle GHK, and let the parallelogram AF be double of the triangle GHK; I say that the prism ABCDEF is equal to the prism GHKLMN. For let the solids AO, GP be completed. Since the parallelogram AF is double of the triangle GHK, while the parallelogram HK is also double of the triangle GHK, [I. 34] therefore the parallelogram AF is equal to the parallelogram HK. But parallelepipedal solids which are on equal bases and of the same height are equal to one another; [XI. 31] therefore the solid AO is equal to the solid GP. And the prism ABCDEF is half of the solid AO, and the prism GHKLMN is half of the solid GP; [XI. 28] therefore the prism ABCDEF is equal to the prism GHKLMN.