## Book XI, Proposition 32

Parallelepipedal solids which are of the same height are to one another as their bases.

 Τὰ ὑπὸ τὸ αὐτὸ ὕψος ὄντα στερεὰ παραλληλεπίπεδα πρὸς ἄλληλά ἐστιν ὡς αἱ βάσεις. Ἔστω ὑπὸ τὸ αὐτὸ ὕψος στερεὰ παραλληλεπίπεδα τὰ ΑΒ, ΓΔ: λέγω, ὅτι τὰ ΑΒ, ΓΔ στερεὰ παραλληλεπίπεδα πρὸς ἄλληλά ἐστιν ὡς αἱ βάσεις, τουτέστιν ὅτι ἐστὶν ὡς ἡ ΑΕ βάσις πρὸς τὴν ΓΖ βάσιν, οὕτως τὸ ΑΒ στερεὸν πρὸς τὸ ΓΔ στερεόν. Παραβεβλήσθω γὰρ παρὰ τὴν ΖΗ τῷ ΑΕ ἴσον τὸ ΖΘ, καὶ ἀπὸ βάσεως μὲν τῆς ΖΘ, ὕψους δὲ τοῦ αὐτοῦ τῷ ΓΔ στερεὸν παραλληλεπίπεδον συμπεπληρώσθω τὸ ΗΚ. ἴσον δή ἐστι τὸ ΑΒ στερεὸν τῷ ΗΚ στερεῷ: ἐπί τε γὰρ ἴσων βάσεών εἰσι τῶν ΑΕ, ΖΘ καὶ ὑπὸ τὸ αὐτὸ ὕψος. καὶ ἐπεὶ στερεὸν παραλληλεπίπεδον τὸ ΓΚ ἐπιπέδῳ τῷ ΔΗ τέτμηται παραλλήλῳ ὄντι τοῖς ἀπεναντίον ἐπιπέδοις, ἔστιν ἄρα ὡς ἡ ΓΖ βάσις πρὸς τὴν ΖΘ βάσιν, οὕτως τὸ ΓΔ στερεὸν πρὸς τὸ ΔΘ στερεόν. ἴση δὲ ἡ μὲν ΖΘ βάσις τῇ ΑΕ βάσει, τὸ δὲ ΗΚ στερεὸν τῷ ΑΒ στερεῷ: ἔστιν ἄρα καὶ ὡς ἡ ΑΕ βάσις πρὸς τὴν ΓΖ βάσιν, οὕτως τὸ ΑΒ στερεὸν πρὸς τὸ ΓΔ στερεόν. Τὰ ἄρα ὑπὸ τὸ αὐτὸ ὕψος ὄντα στερεὰ παραλληλεπίπεδα πρὸς ἄλληλά ἐστιν ὡς αἱ βάσεις: ὅπερ ἔδει δεῖξαι. Parallelepipedal solids which are of the same height are to one another as their bases. Let AB, CD be parallelepipedal solids of the same height; I say that the parallelepipedal solids AB, CD are to one another as their bases, that is, that, as the base AE is to the base CF, so is the solid AB to the solid CD. For let FH equal to AE be applied to FG, [I. 45] and on FH as base, and with the same height as that of CD, let the parallelepipedal solid GK be completed. Then the solid AB is equal to the solid GK; for they are on equal bases AE, FH and of the same height. [XI. 31] And, since the parallelepipedal solid CK is cut by the plane DG which is parallel to opposite planes, therefore, as the base CF is to the base FH, so is the solid CD to the solid DH. [XI. 25] But the base FH is equal to the base AE, and the solid GK to the solid AB; therefore also, as the base AE is to the base CF, so is the solid AB to the solid CD.