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Book 9 Proposition 6

162v-163r

162v-163r

Ἐὰν ἀριθμὸς ἑαυτὸν πολλαπλασιάσας κύβον ποιῇ, καὶ αὐτὸς κύβος ἔσται. Ἀριθμὸς γὰρ ὁ Α ἑαυτὸν πολλαπλασιάσας κύβον τὸν Β ποιείτω: λέγω, ὅτι καὶ ὁ Α κύβος ἐστίν. ̔ο γὰρ Α τὸν Β πολλαπλασιάσας τὸν Γ ποιείτω. ἐπεὶ οὖν ὁ Α ἑαυτὸν μὲν πολλαπλασιάσας τὸν Β πεποίηκεν, τὸν δὲ Β πολλαπλασιάσας τὸν Γ πεποίηκεν, ὁ Γ ἄρα κύβος ἐστίν. καὶ ἐπεὶ ὁ Α ἑαυτὸν πολλαπλασιάσας τὸν Β πεποίηκεν, ὁ Α ἄρα τὸν Β μετρεῖ κατὰ τὰς ἐν αὑτῷ μονάδας. μετρεῖ δὲ καὶ ἡ μονὰς τὸν Α κατὰ τὰς ἐν αὐτῷ μονάδας. ἔστιν ἄρα ὡς ἡ μονὰς πρὸς τὸν Α, οὕτως ὁ Α πρὸς τὸν Β. καὶ ἐπεὶ ὁ Α τὸν Β πολλαπλασιάσας τὸν Γ πεποίηκεν, ὁ Β ἄρα τὸν Γ μετρεῖ κατὰ τὰς ἐν τῷ Α μονάδας. μετρεῖ δὲ καὶ ἡ μονὰς τὸν Α κατὰ τὰς ἐν αὐτῷ μονάδας. ἔστιν ἄρα ὡς ἡ μονὰς πρὸς τὸν Α, οὕτως ὁ Β πρὸς τὸν Γ. ἀλλ' ὡς ἡ μονὰς πρὸς τὸν Α, οὕτως ὁ Α πρὸς τὸν Β: καὶ ὡς ἄρα ὁ Α πρὸς τὸν Β, ὁ Β πρὸς τὸν Γ. καὶ ἐπεὶ οἱ Β, Γ κύβοι εἰσίν, ὅμοιοι στερεοί εἰσιν. τῶν Β, Γ ἄρα δύο μέσοι ἀνάλογόν εἰσιν ἀριθμοί. καί ἐστιν ὡς ὁ Β πρὸς τὸν Γ, ὁ Α πρὸς τὸν Β. καὶ τῶν Α, Β ἄρα δύο μέσοι ἀνάλογόν εἰσιν ἀριθμοί. καί ἐστι κύβος ὁ Β: κύβος ἄρα ἐστὶ καὶ ὁ Α: ὅπερ ἔδει δεῖξαι.

If a number by multiplying itself make a cube number, it will itself also be cube. For let the number A by multiplying itself make the cube number B; I say that A is also cube. For let A by multiplying B make C. Since, then, A by multiplying itself has made B, and by multiplying B has made C, therefore C is cube. And, since A by multiplying itself has made B, therefore A measures B according to the units in itself. But the unit also measures A according to the units in it. Therefore, as the unit is to A, so is A to B. [VII. Def. 20] And, since A by multiplying B has made C, therefore B measures C according to the units in A. But the unit also measures A according to the units in it. Therefore, as the unit is to A, so is B to C. [VII. Def. 20] But, as the unit is to A, so is A to B; therefore also, as A is to B, so is B to C. And, since B, C are cube, they are similar solid numbers. Therefore there are two mean proportional numbers between B, C. [VIII. 19] And, as B is to C, so is A to B. Therefore there are two mean proportional numbers between A, B also. [VIII. 8]